Eye Health Central

Baby eye facts

6 Interesting facts about your Baby’s eyes

As parents and carers of a newborn baby we all worry about whether they are developing as they should.
Are they smiling at 6- 12 weeks? Can they babble at 3 months? Can they roll by 4-6 months? So many milestones, one thing that tends to be overlooked is a baby’s eyes and how they develop.
It's important we ask ourselves, what do we know about our babies eyes? What can they see? How do I know if they have any eye health issues? Below we answer a few of those questions.

It's important we ask ourselves, what do we know about our babies eyes? What can they see? How do I know if they have any eye health issues? Below we answer a few of those questions.

1. Why are babies so cute?
It is universally recognised that we find babies cute, this is no fluke, we are programmed to do this, one of the main reasons we find babies, kittens, puppies so cute is the size of their eyes.
Baby’s eyes gives them the instant cuteness factor and this is due to their eyes being so large in comparison to their face. In fact a babies eyes are approximately 70% of their adult size when born!

2. Those Baby Blues!
It's a well known fact that a majority of caucasian babies are born with blue eyes, this is down to a lack of melanin in their irises, however, did you know that the melanin levels can increase and can take up to 12 months before a baby forms it's true permanent eye colour?

To recapture your own ‘baby blues eyes’ why not try out some of our popular blue Freshlook Colorblends contact lenses.

3. Babies cannot cry.
Yes you read that right!
Well OK they can make a lot of noise that sounds like crying but it's not until they are about 4 weeks old that a baby actually shed any tears. This is because until then, their tear ducts have not fully formed.

4. Seeing through a babies eyes
Your newborn baby's eyes will be checked shortly after birth as part of their newborn physical examination. However, from then on it's good to know what to expect from your baby and their vision. A newborn baby can see but their vision isn't very focused and is fuzzy. They can make out light, shapes and movement!

New born baby's vision
New born baby's vision

Baby's vision at 3 months

Their eyesight only develops gradually over the first few months when they start to focus more and see colour.
Take a look at our eye health central link and find out exactly what your baby can see from birth to 12 months.

5. Helping the development of my baby’s eyes
Just as you would encourage your baby to roll, sit up and talk, it is important to do the same with their vision. Up until approximately 3 months, babies see only black, white and grey.
To help support the development of your baby’s vision suggested showing them black and white images with simple lines and bold patterns are easier for babies to see. The bold images stand out against the blurry world around them.
Images can be found in books, hanging mobiles or on toy’s and it's a perfect way to play and interact with your baby whilst helping them develop their focus and vision.

Simple black and white images

6.When should I get my baby’s eyes checked?
It's a good idea to have your baby’s eyes examined by your local optometrists at about 12 months. Using sophisticated techniques, specific for babies, they can detect early signs of conditions like long-sightedness (hypermetropia
/hyperopia) and short-sightedness (myopia) and check the health of your babies eyes.

6 Interesting facts about your Baby’s eyes

Young child's sight test

Author: John Dreyer Optometrist Bsc(Hons), MCOPTOM, DipCLP
Created: 3 Nov 2018, Last modified: 29 Jul 2019